Mining grants were initially given by the Portuguese to a few business houses. These grants were continued after the Portuguese left and additional leases were granted to other businesses. However, most of these leases were irregularly granted. Rapacious mining in various pockets of Goa has ravaged the hills, the forests, the fields, and the water bodies and even caused huge damage to the dwelling houses of the people in the locality. This in turn has meant a substantial number of local people have been displaced from their livelihoods, while the dust pollution has posed severe health hazards. Demands for closure of mines began erupting specially in the villages infested with mines.


People have also been agitating for cooperative control over the mines for their sustainable use. Groups like the Goa Foundation and other individual activists have obtained data under Right to Information Act, and challenged indiscriminate extraction of iron ore. This data along with the strong Justice Shah Commission Report against mining, finally became the basis for long battles in the Apex Court. These battles have led to the directions for stopping existing mining activity by the Supreme Court, until fresh mining leases are granted by the State according to the provisions of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, and environmental laws.

Scarred land
Goa Map - Mining
Tollem-Raghuvir Sinai Gharse, Timblo 2
Strangers in your own land
Jan 17 mining ordinance
Minerals as shared inheritance, 21 January 2017
mining dust health, 16 April 2017
As Goa shuts it's iron ore mines, an entire industry sees tough times, 19 March 2018
Goa, dusty today
Impact of Mining
Is this Goa?
Goa 'sweet land of mine'
Sunken village, now a dam in Goa
Sadhana Mining Co-Op Society
Rights for a Mining Co-Op
Mining Co-Op Society Rally
This land is our land
This mine is our wealth
Green Hills, once upon a time
Goa- All mine! Formento, Cuddegalivoril Soddo Mine, Savordem- Goa
Where are the trees?
Hills turned upside down
Goa-Going-Gone! The Mandovi-GoaRESIZED
Here's the polluted water
Transporting ore
Red Earth
Mine mine mine
Can we eat from this land
Whose land is this
Guardians of the Earth
Is this really Goa- Sweet Land
Scourge of ore?
Mine Mine Mine
Biodiversity- Goa sweet land of mine
Ecological uniqueness
Where does this path lead?
A thing of Beauty
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To Contribute

Preeti Sampat

Sulochana Pednekar

We would like to invite contributions towards strengthening the online archives. If you have any relevant material pertaining to these and similar struggles in Goa, please email us.

Sadhana Mining Co-Op Society